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How to Paraphrase in a Research Paper: Useful Guide

The Importance of Writing an Excellent Research Paper

Whether you are writing a research paper for publication or for your degree, you will need to ensure that it is done in a way that is going to impress the reader as well as meeting all requirements for formatting and academic writing. Your writing must be unique to you in every way and reflect a topic area that is of importance to your subject area. A research paper seeks to answer a question in a structured way through seeking out information or conducting experimentation. The question should be both unique and also important to the subject area in which you are doing your research. Finding truly unique research however is often very difficult and many students will struggle to find something totally original and different, for instance with help of free paraphrasing.

Scientific novelty is about creating research that is truly unique and combines ideas that others have not yet thought to look at. But your writing must also be unique which means learning how to paraphrase in a research paper. Your professors or peers will not want to read through a list of quotations within your paper, they want to read your own take on what your sources have said. Because of this, paraphrasing techniques are a vital part of any academic writers arsenal. You have to be able to clearly repeat what other researchers have already written but do so in your own writing style while maintaining that original meaning. This is vital is you want people to clearly understand what your sources have said and why it is important to your own personal research. This for many is a task that they struggle with and they will often find themselves failing to paraphrase in a way that avoids plagiarism or they will change the meaning in some way.

How Should Your Research Paper Be Structured?

There are several different ways that you could structure your paper and it will very much depend on the specific requirements of your subject area and institution or even publication that you are writing for. They all however tend to follow the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD) structure. The following is a typical structure within which you would write your own research:

  • Title Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  •  Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References / Bibliography

How to Cite Paraphrase in a Research Paper

Your writing must of course be done in the correct academic style or format at all times. The formatting takes into account far more than just your page layout. It also defines how you should cite the many references that you will make to other researchers and authors within your work. When you use other people’s words and ideas you must always give them credit, even if you paraphrase research paper quotations to make what they have said unique.

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There are different ways that you can make citations within your paper depending on which specific academic style you are following. One of the most common is the “Author, date” system which you will use with styles such as APA. This will look like:

  • Smith’s (2012) study found that…
  • As stated by Smith (2012)…
  • “Quotation by the author” (Smith, 2012, p.201)

Other systems may also use parenthetical references such as (1), 2, or 3. Styles may allows for either or even both systems to be used. However, you must use only the one style of citation throughout your paper to avoid confusion. The citations that you make should then be listed within your bibliography. In alphabetical order for author, date citations or in the order in which they appear within your writing if you have used numbered citations within your work.


This is very important within your literature review section. This is where you will most likely make frequent references to research that has already been conducted to establish a background for your own research as well as showing it to be important and unique. Unless something has been said in a very unique and important way then it should always be paraphrased within your own writing with a properly made citation to give credit where it is due.

How to Paraphrase Research Paper Text

Paraphrasing is often an area in which many students and even experienced researchers will struggle. Being able to completely change the words so that they are unique and in keeping with the style of your own writing is not simple. Most students will fail to change the wording sufficiently or they will not properly repeat the original meaning.

But, as La Trobe University reminds us “Paraphrasing is important because it shows you understand the source well enough to write it in your own words. It also gives you a powerful alternative to using direct quotes, which should be used infrequently.”

Often the reason for poor rewriting is that they approach their paraphrasing in the wrong manner. Paraphrasing is about reflecting the meaning. It is not about manipulating the words to make them unique. This is how software works, it will simply swap many of the words for synonyms to make the text unique. To paraphrase effectively however you should approach what you are doing more like translation. You seek to understand then repeat your understanding in your words.

The following is some easy to follow guidance to help you to paraphrase effectively and accurately:

  • Read the original text until you are fully satisfied that you fully understand exactly what it means
  • Make brief notes of each point that it is making in your own words
  • Order the points that you have made notes about into the correct order for your own writing
  • Rewrite using only your notes for guidance and without any reference to the original writing
  • Compare the two pieces of text, if you have unintentionally repeated any of the original text rewrite it until it is unique
  • Use quotation marks for any key phrases or unique text that cannot be paraphrased
  • Employ editing and proofreading so that you are sure that what you have written if effective and error free
  • Make a correct citation within your text

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We Can Help You with Your Research Paper Paraphrasing

We are a professional and highly specialized academic paraphrasing company that can provide you with sentence rewriter expert help through some of the best-qualified paraphrasing specialists you will find online. You will always get to work with someone that is post graduate degree qualified in your field so that you can be sure that they fully understand the work that you need to rephrase. Our support is always carefully proofread to avoid errors and we also provide you with a plagiarism report to confirm that the wording is unique to you.

So if you are struggling to understand how to paraphrase in a research paper just contact our specialists here today for guaranteed and affordable support.